"""
.. _polyhedron_example:
Unstructured Grid with Polyhedra
--------------------------------
This example shows how to build a simple :class:`pyvista.UnstructuredGrid`
using polyhedra. We will be using VTK types to determine which type of cells we
are building. A list of cell types is given in :class:`pyvista.CellType`.
First, we import the required libraries.
"""
# sphinx_gallery_start_ignore
from __future__ import annotations
PYVISTA_GALLERY_FORCE_STATIC_IN_DOCUMENT = True
# sphinx_gallery_end_ignore
import pyvista as pv
# %%
# Define Points
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
# We will mix several cells in one grid for this example. Here we create the
# points that will define each cell.
#
# .. note::
# It is not necessary that each cell has an isolated set of points. This has
# been done here to create isolated cells for this example.
quad_points = [
[0.0, 0.0, 0.0], # 0
[0.0, 0.01, 0.0], # 1
[0.01, 0.01, 0.0], # 2
[0.01, 0.0, 0.0], # 3
]
polygon_points = [
[0.02, 0.0, 0.0], # 4
[0.02, 0.01, 0.0], # 5
[0.03, 0.01, 0.0], # 6
[0.035, 0.005, 0.0], # 7
[0.03, 0.0, 0.0], # 8
]
hexa_points = [
[0.0, 0.0, 0.02], # 9
[0.0, 0.01, 0.02], # 10
[0.01, 0.01, 0.02], # 11
[0.01, 0.0, 0.02], # 12
[0.0, 0.0, 0.03], # 13
[0.0, 0.01, 0.03], # 14
[0.01, 0.01, 0.03], # 15
[0.01, 0.0, 0.03], # 16
]
polyhedron_points = [
[0.02, 0.0, 0.02], # 17
[0.02, 0.01, 0.02], # 18
[0.03, 0.01, 0.02], # 19
[0.035, 0.005, 0.02], # 20
[0.03, 0.0, 0.02], # 21
[0.02, 0.0, 0.03], # 22
[0.02, 0.01, 0.03], # 23
[0.03, 0.01, 0.03], # 24
[0.035, 0.005, 0.03], # 25
[0.03, 0.0, 0.03], # 26
]
points = quad_points + polygon_points + hexa_points + polyhedron_points
# %%
# Cell connectivity
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
# Connectivity describes the indices of the points to compose each cell. The
# first item in each cell's connectivity is the number of items the cell will
# have. For example, a quad cell is composed of points ``[0, 1, 2, 3]`` and
# totaling 4 points, therefore ``[4, 0, 1, 2, 3]`` describes its connectivity.
#
# .. note::
# This example uses lists for simplicity, but internally PyVista converts
# these lists to a :class:`numpy.ndarray` with ``dtype=pyvista.ID_TYPE`` and
# passes it to VTK.
#
# The same approach can be applied to all the other cell types.
quad = [4, 0, 1, 2, 3]
polygon = [5, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
hexa = [8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]
# %%
# Polyhedron connectivity array
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
# The connectivity array of polyhedra is defined differently from the rest of the cell
# types. For polyhedra, we need to set the faces with the following format:
#
# ``[NItems, NFaces, Face0NPoints, Face0Point0, Face0Point1..., Face0PointN-1, Face1NPoints, ...]``
#
# Where:
#
# - ``NItems`` refers to the total number of items in the list needed to
# describe the polyhedron.
# - ``NFaces`` is the number of faces the polyhedron will have.
# - ``Face0NPoints`` is the number of points the first face will have.
# - ``Face0Point0...Face0PointN-1`` are each of the points that describe ``face0``.
#
# In ``polyhedron_connectivity``, the first item is ``NFaces``. ``NItems`` is
# added to ``polyhedron``.
polyhedron_connectivity = [
# NItems will go here
7, # number of faces
5, # number of points in face0
17, # point index 0
18, # point index 1
19, # point index 2
20, # point index 3
21, # point index 4
4, # number of points in face1
17, # point index ...
18,
23,
22,
4,
17,
21,
26,
22,
4,
21,
26,
25,
20,
4,
20,
25,
24,
19,
4,
19,
24,
23,
18,
5,
22,
23,
24,
25,
26,
]
# note how we retroactively add NItems
polyhedron = [len(polyhedron_connectivity), *polyhedron_connectivity]
# %%
# Cells array
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
# Now we build the input cells array for the
# :class:`pyvista.UnstructuredGrid`. Here, we join all cells in a flat
# list. Internally, the ``NItems`` previously described is used to determine
# which nodes belong to which cells.
cells = quad + polygon + hexa + polyhedron
# %%
# Cell types
# ~~~~~~~~~~
# We need to specify the cell types for each of the cells we define in the
# cells array.
#
# The number of items in this list must match the number of cells in the
# connectivity array.
celltypes = [pv.CellType.QUAD, pv.CellType.POLYGON, pv.CellType.HEXAHEDRON, pv.CellType.POLYHEDRON]
# %%
# Create the grid
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
# To create the grid, we use the cells array we built, the cell types, and
# the points that describe the faces.
grid = pv.UnstructuredGrid(cells, celltypes, points)
# %%
# Plot the mesh
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
# Finally, we can plot the grid we've created. Label each cell at its cell
# center for clarity.
pl = pv.Plotter()
pl.show_axes()
pl.add_mesh(grid, show_edges=True, line_width=5)
pl.add_point_labels(
grid.cell_centers().points,
['QUAD', 'POLYGON', 'HEXAHEDRON', 'POLYHEDRON'],
always_visible=True,
font_size=20,
)
pl.show()
# %%
# .. tags:: load